Tag Archives: supporter newsletter

Ada Initiative news, December 2011

Fundraising

You’ve probably noticed that in December and January the Ada Initiative is running a major fundraising drive. We hope to fund several months of activity in 2012 through this drive. We deeply appreciate your support so far. Help us reach our goal in January 2012!

Donate now!

Supporting the fundraising drive has taken a lot of behind the scenes work, particularly configuring and customising CiviCRM, our donation management software, and associated donation workflows. CiviCRM is an open source project recommended to us by EFF staff as substantially outperforming proprietary software in the same space.

While this fundraising drive has again consumed a lot of staff time behind the scenes, unlike the rather one-off work we did on our Seed 100 drive, where we manually raised invoices, reconciled payments and assembled the mailouts, our work setting up this fundraising drive is extremely reusable. We’re thankful to be running a successful and this time repeatable fundraising campaign!

AdaCamp Melbourne

In addition to fundraising work, we’ve spent the last month completing the organisation of AdaCamp Melbourne. We expect more than 35 participants to join us at the CERES Environment Park for our first ever AdaCamp. Participants are joining us both from Melbourne communities, and from all over Australia, including several participants from Western Australia. We’re also thrilled to have two women from New Zealand and one from the Philippines flying in to join us for the event.

While some of the work of AdaCamp will need to be redone for future events—for example, venue research and hire, and recruiting and selecting AdaCampers themselves—we’ve learned a lot from this first event that we’re looking forward to use in hosting future AdaCamps.

Application for tax exempt status

We were advised in mid-December that our application for tax exemption in the United States awaits a fuller review in 2012. We are conferring with our legal and tax advisors on the likely review date and related matters, but are unlikely to have further news to report for some months.

Existing donors filing US taxes should seek advice from their tax professional regarding showing their donation to the Ada Initiative on their tax filings.

Upcoming appearances

Valerie and Mary are both attending the Ada Initiative’s own AdaCamp Melbourne on January 14. We’re looking forward to working with the Australian community on women’s open technology and culture participation.

We will also be at the Girl Geek Dinner that evening, open to all geek women and their guests.

Valerie and Mary will both be attending LCA 2012 in Ballarat, Australia from January 16 – 20, where we will give several talks:

  1. a main conference talk on Women in open technology and culture worldwide
  2. The Ada Initiative: achievements and plans” at the the Haecksen miniconference
  3. for the second year running, an allies workshop at the Haecksen miniconf, please register for the allies workshop if you are interested

Upcoming events for women in open technology and culture

See our calendar for a full listing, and submit any additional events to share@adainitiative.org.

New sponsor

In December, Dreamwidth Studios pledged 10% of their gross December revenues to the Ada Initiative. Their final donation amount means that they become the Ada Initiative’s third Venture Philanthropist sponsor!

Thank you once more to Denise Paolucci and Mark Smith, co-owners of Dreamwidth, for your generous support of the Ada Initiative.

Sponsorship opportunities

The Ada Initiative’s Venture Philanthropist sponsorship program allows organisations to sponsor the Ada Initiative for sponsorship amounts between $2000 and $9999 (USD) with a minimum of hassle. Contact donors@adainitiative.org for larger sponsorship packages.

Ada Initiative news, November 2011

Fundraising

The Ada Initiative has launched a new round of fundraising to support our work in 2012. Following the success of our high value Seed 100 campaign in mid-2011 we’re now offering all supporters of women in open technology and culture the opportunity to contribute to our work, whether you can donate $1 or $1024.

We have some beautiful thank you gifts for supporters, from stickers to an Ada Lovelace pendant to tickets to a supporter thank you dinner.

Donate now!

AdaCamp Melbourne

Planning for our first AdaCamp, a summit on women in open technology and culture, is well advanced. AdaCamp will be held on Saturday January 14 in Melbourne Australia. AdaCamp will have an exciting, inspiring mix of people from various parts of the open technology and culture” world, each of whom brings something special to the event. AdaCamp attendance will be by invitation: if you would like us to consider you, please apply. Applications are now open: apply to attend AdaCamp. Applications will close Wednesday December 14 2011.

Grace Hopper Celebration

In mid-November, Valerie attended the Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing. The Ada Initiative ran a survey of attendees at Grace Hopper, finding out about young women’s impressions of open technology careers. We’re looking forward to sharing the results of this survey with you early in 2012.

Anti-harassment policy turns one

November 29 was the one year anniversary of the publication of the example conference anti-harassment policy! One year later, over 30 conferences have adopted an anti-harassment policy of one kind or another. See Valerie’s roundup post for more information on why to adopt an anti-harassment policy and on conferences that are already using it.

Find out more about the Ada Initiative’s activities this year!

In late November Valerie wrote a wrap-up of our 2011 activities, so that our supporters understand better who we are, what we’ve been up to, and what we plan to do in the future.

Geek Feminism wiki

Our board member Denise Paolucci is now the feature article on the Geek Feminism wiki! Head on over and learn about Denise’s work as co-founder of Dreamwidth.

Upcoming appearances

Valerie and Mary are both attending the Ada Initiative’s own AdaCamp Melbourne on January 14. We’re looking forward to working with the Australian community on women’s open technology and culture participation.

Valerie and Mary will both be attending LCA 2012 in Ballarat, Australia from January 16 – 20. They will be giving a joint talk on Women in open technology and culture worldwide“. They’re also looking forward to giving an Ada Initiative update at the Haecksen miniconference.

Upcoming events for women in open technology and culture

See our calendar for a full listing, and submit any additional events to share@adainitiative.org.

Sponsorship opportunities

The Ada Initiative’s Venture Philanthropist sponsorship program allows organisations to sponsor the Ada Initiative for sponsorship amounts between $2000 and $9999 (USD) with a minimum of hassle. Contact donors@adainitiative.org for larger sponsorship packages.

Ada Initiative news, October 2011

AdaCamp launch

We announced the first of a series of events bringing together women in open tech/culture: AdaCamp Australia (fill out the call for expressions of interest on that page if you are interested in attending). If you want to participate but can’t travel to Melbourne in January, we are tentatively planning to hold similar events in other locations during the next year, most likely the West and East coasts of the U.S. and Europe.

Geek Feminism

Mary has added a number of new pages to the Geek Feminism wiki in response to requests and suggestions, including:

As always, we invite you to expand and improve on the Geek Feminism wiki! See the Geek Feminism blog post for some suggested improvements.

Ada portrait watch

Wikipedia’s WikiProject Women’s History are now using Colin Adams’s new Ada Lovelace portrait in their Ada Lovelace Award for editors who have made significant contributions to Wikipedia about women and technology.

Ada Lovelace Day

Congratulations to Suw Charman-Anderson and her team on another successful Ada Lovelace Day on the 7th October. Also congratulations to Sydney Padua, whose iPad app for 2D Goggles: The Thrilling Adventures of Lovelace and Babbage launched that day. 2D Goggles was originally developed in support of Ada Lovelace Day, and later of course Sydney donated signed prints to our Seed 100 funding drive. Our advisor Bruce Byfield covered Sydney’s iPad app launch for LWN.

We hope our inspiration post was useful in planning your own Ada Lovelace Day writing and we’ve loved hearing all about these and other women in open technology and culture.

Awards

This month Valerie Aurora was listed on the FemmenomicsTop 50 Women to Watch in Tech” list. Congratulations to the other members of the list!

Filed for tax-exempt status

Last month we reported that we were nearly done with our application for tax-exempt status to the U.S., this month we can report that we completed and submitted our application, less than 9 months after founding the Ada Initiative! More details here.

Upcoming appearances

Valerie will be attending the 2011 Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing in Portland, Oregon on November 9 – 12. Come see her at the open source booth or Open Source Day and get your Ada Initiative schwag: lanyards, stickers, buttons, etc.

Valerie and Mary will both be attending LCA 2012 in Ballarat, Australia from January 16 – 20. They will be giving a joint talk on “Women in open technology and culture worldwide.”

Upcoming events for women in open technology and culture

See our calendar for a full listing, and submit any additional events to share@adainitiative.org.

Sponsorship opportunities

The Ada Initiative’s Venture Philanthropist sponsorship program allows organisations to sponsor the Ada Initiative for sponsorship amounts between $2000 and $9999 (USD) with a minimum of hassle. Contact donors@adainitiative.org for larger sponsorship packages.

Ada Initiative news, September 2011

Project planning update

Thanks to our Seed 100 funders, we have made significant progress on some critically necessary planning and paperwork. (Yes, planning and paperwork are incredibly dull – but we did a lot of it this month.) Most exciting to us, we have completed a first draft of our application for tax-exempt status to the United States government (called Form 1023). This application is a major undertaking for any non-profit and we’re glad to finally have a first draft done. Getting tax-exempt status is vital to our future fundraising and if granted will apply retroactively to donations to the Ada Initiative since its founding. We will keep you posted on the status of our application.

In order to fill out the application, we had to describe our planned activities and the reasons why they should be regarded as charitable activities. We will be posting excerpts from this description on our blog and web site and using them as the basis for fundraising materials.

Of course, what we’re most excited about is actually doing things that help women get and stay involved in open technology and culture, and we will have time to work on actual programs in the coming months. Stay tuned!

Ada Lovelace Day

In the leadup to Ada Lovelace Day on the 7th October, the Ada Initiative is planning an inspiration post highlighting women in open technology and culture. Suggest an inspiring woman in open tech or culture!

Whether using our inspiration or not, time to get your Ada Lovelace Day profiles ready for Friday! Over at Geek Feminism there have been several Wednesday Geek Woman profiles. If you’d like to highlight a geek woman’s life and work for their readers, contributions are open.

Geek Feminism

Wikis are great for collecting information but need occasional bouts of reorganization. The Conference anti-harassment policy and resources for implementing it have been organized into a single set of wiki pages. We’ve also added a set of resources specifically around social events that have a more obvious risk of harassment or where you want to establish and emphasise your event’s commitment to safety.

The Geek Feminism wiki in general has been a major resource for the Ada Initiative and advocates for women in open tech/culture of all sorts. Your contributions and additions, no matter how small, are welcome, including adding indexing or categorizing to make information easier to find. Some of Geek Feminism wiki’s most frequently referred to pages include:

Edit the wiki today!

Upcoming appearances

Valerie will be giving two talks on October 12 at her alma mater, New Mexico Tech, located in Socorro, New Mexico. One talk will be about how computer programming went from being viewed as a woman’s job in the 1940s to a man’s job today, the second will be about her career in open source and feminist activism.

Valerie will be attending the 2011 Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing in Portland, Oregon on November 9 – 12. Grace Hopper offers free childcare to attendees who register before October 10th!

Valerie and Mary will both be attending LCA 2012 in Ballarat, Australia from January 16 – 20. They will be giving a joint talk on “Women in open technology and culture worldwide.”

Upcoming events for women in open technology and culture

See our calendar for a full listing, and submit any additional events to share@adainitiative.org.

Sponsorship opportunities

The Ada Initiative’s Venture Philanthropist sponsorship program allows organisations to sponsor the Ada Initiative for sponsorship amounts between $2000 and $9999 (USD) with a minimum of hassle. Contact donors@adainitiative.org for larger sponsorship packages.

Ada Initiative news, August 2011

The Ada Initiative events calendar

Technology journalist Bruce Byfield, our new advisory board member, has volunteered to share announcements from, and maintain a calendar for, events for women in open technology and culture. If you have news and events to share, please send details to share@adainitiative.org.

Seed 100 rewards shipped!

2D Goggles prints signed by Sydney Padua

Close to two months after the end of the Seed 100 campaign, it’s all over! The Sydney Padua and Colin Adams prints, together with stickers and lanyards, are distributed far and wide. At this point we believe nearly all reward packages have been delivered, please contact us if you donated to Seed 100 and have not received your reward mailing. We’d also love to see what has happened to the rewards: send us a photo of where your poster hangs, your laptop sticker, or your lanyard in use.

Thank you one final time to our Seed 100 donors! Thank you also to people who assisted with the campaign, especially Sydney Padua and Colin Adams for poster artwork, Skud for publicity, Donna Benjamin for sticker artwork, Sulamita Garcia for European shipping and our board and advisors for their input into the campaign.

Project planning

Project planning and budgeting is underway for several projects. We’d like to share a few ideas with you and see what you think (send feedback to contact@adainitiative.org):

Training for women in open tech/culture

Women in open tech/culture start out at a disadvantage relative to men due to a lack of opportunity to learn about submitting patches, interacting online, writing resumes, meeting people at conferences, and similar job and community interaction related abilities. We will provide training for women in specific skills like resume writing, submitting a patch, editing Wikipedia, or similar.

Documentation of best practices

Over the years, online activists have learned what does and does not work. Wed like to document this knowledge and save new women in open tech/culture groups from making the same mistakes over and over again. In general, we will take freely available material scattered over a wide range of sources and turn it into organized, concise instructions, available under Creative Commons licenses.

Diversity consulting

The Ada Initiative advises organizations on how to attract and retain women in their communities. We help organizations with outreach, communication, program implementation, and more. For example, we provide immediate consulting after high-profile incidents at conferences in order to minimize the damage they do to the conference organizers. We also help organizations implement diversity scholarships and tailor recruiting strategies.

Geek Feminism

Some of Mary Gardiner’s time in particular continues to be spent on the Geek Feminism blog. This month, in the leadup to Ada Lovelace Day on the 7th October, Mary has re-launched the Wednesday Geek Woman profiles. If you’d like to highlight a geek woman’s life and work for their readers, contributions are open.

Mary also created the Women in FLOSS bibliography page on the Geek Feminism wiki. If you know of a relevant publication, please add it. An obvious direction for expansion of this bibliography is add references to information about women in Wikipedia and other open data and open culture communities, a hot topic in research right now.

The Geek Feminism wiki in general has been a major resource for the Ada Initiative and advocates for women in open tech/culture of all sorts. Your contributions and additions, no matter how small, are welcome, including adding indexing or categorizing to make information easier to find. Some of Geek Feminism wiki’s most frequently referred to pages include:

Edit the wiki today!

Mary’s PyCon AU keynote

Mary Gardiner delivered an afternoon keynote at PyCon AU on August 20, describing Python projects that are changing the world and inviting people to contribute. Find out more about Mary’s talk on our blog.

Upcoming appearances

Valerie Aurora will be attending the 2011 Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing in Portland, Oregon on November 9 – 12. Grace Hopper offers free childcare to attendees who register before October 10th!

Sponsorship opportunities

The Ada Initiative’s Venture Philanthropist sponsorship program allows organisations to sponsor the Ada Initiative for sponsorship amounts between $2000 and $9999 (USD) with a minimum of hassle. Contact donors@adainitiative.org for larger sponsorship packages.

Ada Initiative news, July 2011

Seed 100 rewards progress

2D Goggles prints signed by Sydney Padua

We now have the all the 2D Goggles and Ada Lovelace prints, the laptop stickers, a heck of a lot of bubble wrap and cardboard, and a spreadsheet full of email addresses to ship them to. The one remaining item, the conference badge lanyards, will arrive in a few days and go into the pre-assembled packages of rewards waiting to be shipped. Rewards going to Australia, New Zealand, and nearby areas will be shipped to Mary for signing and shipping, so will be delayed a few weeks longer than the rest of the world (we know youre used to it). Thanks to all our donors, and we hope you enjoy your rewards!

O’Reilly pledges to adopt a conference code of conduct

In an unexpected turn of events, O’Reilly Media (organizer of OSCON and other high profile open source/data/culture events) pledged to adopt a code of conduct for OSCON 2011 and other conferences. Several open source community members begin a public campaign asking O’Reilly to do so in order to ensure the safety of attendees of OSCON 2011. The Ada Initiative was able to help the various parties understand where others were coming from, find common ground, and work with each other to take action, resulting in a public resolution in less than 48 hours. The quick and definitive move by O’Reilly won kudos and praise from across the open technology and culture community.

Fast-moving situations requiring expert advice are exactly what the Ada Initiative was created to handle. When issues relevant to women in open technology and culture arise, the responsibility to be a calm, effective, resourceful advocate shouldn’t fall on the person who raised the issue – often the victim, or the victim’s friends. Instead, the responsibility should fall on trained, full-time advocates with the energy and resources to effectively advocate for change.

Your support and donations made this change possible. Thank you.

Ada Initiative to pay staff beginning in August

From the beginning, one of the key differentiators between the Ada Initiative and other women in open stuff advocacy groups is that we would employ full-time staff so we could take on large, long-term projects and reduce burnout. This turns out to be even more difficult than we suspected – search for “IRS guidelines compensation committee non-profits” for a hint – but, after 7 months of unpaid volunteer work, both Valerie and Mary will be paid what we’re calling “startup salaries” for their Ada Initiative work beginning August 1st.

What’s next

Filing tax-exempt application

Our next priority is completing our tax-exempt application to the U.S. Internal Revenue Service. We are incorporated as a 501(c)(3) non-profit and subject to the rules of non-profit governance already, but the IRS wants a lot more documentation before they’ll let go of tax revenue. The instructions for the Form 1023 Application for Recognition of Exemption under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code charmingly estimate the time to necessary to prepare the form as 11 hours and 30 minutes, with a further 8 hours and 31 minutes to learn about the form. The estimate is included according to the requirements of the Paperwork Reduction Act Notice.

Valerie says, “Every time I get frustrated with doing paperwork, I simply imagine having the job of estimating how much time it takes to do paperwork, and I feel better immediately.”

Long-term project and fund-raising plans

In August we will begin developing specific plans for projects. We have plenty of ideas for increasing the participation of women in open technology and culture, the question is what order to do them in, and how to pay for them. We will be relying heavily on our sponsors (current and future), our advisory board, and the supporters mailing list for feedback during this stage. We can only do this with your support and help.

Census results

We will posted the second installment in the analysis of the Ada Initiative Census in August.

Upcoming appearances

Valerie Aurora will be attending the 2011 Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing in Portland, Oregon on November 9 – 12. Grace Hopper offers free childcare to attendees who register before October 10th!

Mary Gardiner will be giving a keynote at PyCon Au 2011 in Sydney on August 20th.

Several members of the Ada Initiative advisory board will be attending LinuxCon North America in Vancouver, Canada on August 17 – 19.

Ada Initiative news, June 2011

Hi all,

This is our first monthly newsletter keeping our supporters up to date on our activities. We will be sending one out every month from now on.

What do you want to see in this newsletter? We’d like to give our supporters insight into our day-to-day activities without boring you with what we’ve learned about U.S. – Australian tax treaties. What would you like to hear about? Let us know at contact@adainitiative.org.

A brief history of the Ada Initiative

It’s been an exciting 6 months since the Ada Initiative was born. It started when co-founder Valerie Aurora announced she was leaving her kernel job at Red Hat in January 2011 to work on women in open source full-time, one way or another. Valerie convinced Mary Gardiner to become co-founder of the as yet unnamed new organization, despite the fact that Mary was working on her PhD in computational linguistics and also a parent of a not quite one-year-old son.

Valerie and Mary met in person in January 2011 to design, plan, and name the Ada Initiative. (Valerie notes it is one of the few positive naming decisions she has ever been involved in – see, e.g., chunkfs for her usual style). We hastily registered the domain name and made the first public announcement of the Ada Initiative at the end of January at LCA 2011, Australia’s largest open source conference. We also ran the Ada Initiative’s first workshop for allies of women in open source at that conference, as well as advising LCA on their successful implementation of an anti-harassment policy. One day old and we were already doing our job!

After our announcement, we worked 18 hour days for a week to put together a web site and a press release. We launched worldwide on February 8th with Linux Australia as our first sponsor. We formally incorporated as a U.S. non-profit in March 2011 and spent April and May learning how to legally fund-raise as a non-profit, getting a bank account, recruiting a board of directors, finding angel funders (thank you Puppet Labs and DreamHost), and reading a lot of tax law. In June we launched the Seed 100 fund-raising campaign, which hit our target a week early, saving ourselves and our supporters a week of nagging and nail-biting.

Overall, our experience is that while there are many parallels between founding a self-funded non-profit and founding a for-profit company, the non-profit involves approximately an order of magnitude more paperwork than starting a for-profit business. Just getting to the point where we could accept donations took several months and about twenty trips to the bank. Thank you all for being patient!

What’s next

From what we’ve learned in the last 6 months, we expect to continue planning and fund-raising for at least another 6 months before we can spend most of our time on actually increasing the participation of women in open technology and culture. We will continue running three programs during this time, partly for our own sanity and happiness: the allies training workshop, the conference anti-harassment policy, and analyzing the results of the Ada Initiative census of women in open technology and culture.

Key to our strategy of actually getting things done is paying ourselves (which turns out to be incredibly complicated for non-profits, even for the employee not located in Australia). During the decade we have volunteered for women in open source, we’ve seen what projects can be accomplished by volunteers and which projects need sustained full-time effort. Fundamentally, no one wants to come home from work, open up their personal email, and read death threats for the rest of the evening. Our board of directors is putting in extra hours this month going through the incredibly complex (but fair) IRS-approved process of deciding on our compensation.

We believe passionately in community input and outside advice – simply put, we can’t succeed without it. To guide us, we’ve appointed an advisory board of non-profit and open technology and culture experts to help us review our programs and reach out to communities of interest. At present the advisory board is dominated by open source experts, as the open source community is going to be one of our early focuses. As the Ada Initiative works in different open technology and culture areas we will be adding new advisors. Our advisory board members have been incredibly generous with their time and resources.

In addition to the advisory board, we’ve appointed our board of directors to help us manage the organisation. In addition to Valerie and Mary, our advisors Rachel Chalmers, Matt Zimmerman, Sue Gardner and Denise Paolucci are very generously contributing additional time to the Ada Initiative as board members: a big job to ask of volunteers.

How you can help

As our project plans become more developed, we’ll be looking for a wider variety of feedback on them. If you are interested, we invite you to join the supporters mailing list, which is open to the public and where we will seek your advice on our project plans. This list is not open for general discussion, so it should not be a major time sink for subscribers.

Programs update

Census

We will continue publishing results from the Ada Initiative Census over the next few months. Our resident statistics expert, Mary Gardiner, is currently finishing her PhD and is looking forward to having more time to spend on crunching the data.

Allies workshop

In June at Open Source Bridge 2011, we ran our second version of the allies training workshop, which teaches participants practical ways to respond to sexist incidents in their communities. If you are interested in running a similar event, there are training notes on the Geek Feminism wiki. One of our planned projects is developing a detailed curriculum for allies training workshops. Contact us for more information.

Conference anti-harassment policy

The trend of adopting anti-harassment policy or code of conduct governing behavior at conferences continues to gain ground in open technology and culture circles, with dozens of conferences participating. Recent adopters include Open Source Bridge, Pycon AU, and Geek Girl Con. See the anti-harassment policy resources for a current list.

Fund-raising update

We know you’re almost as tired of hearing about fund-raising as we are of doing it. Fortunately, our successful Seed 100 campaign closed on June 24 ahead of schedule, and raised over $80,000 from 100 (+3) donors who each contributed $512 or more to the Ada Initiative to support our start-up phase.

Thank you to all of the Seed 100 donors.

The Ada Initiative Seed 100 campaign: we reached 100 donors. Thank you!

We’re in the middle of gathering the Seed 100 rewards now, and planning to ship during July.

A big part of the rationale for the Seed 100 campaign was to show the level of support in our community. Now that you’ve demonstrated such enormous faith in us, we want to reach back out to you and keep the lines of communication open. Let us know if there are things that you want to know about the Ada Initiative and our plans.

Conferences and talks

Valerie was honored to be invited to the FOO Camp 2011 unconference, put on by O’Reilly Media. Valerie participated in several sessions and spread the word about the Ada Initiative.

Valerie presented Open source: Open to whom? at Open Source Bridge 2011 in Portland on June 21. We met many of our Seed 100 funders at Open Source Bridge, which lived up to its billing as the “conference for open source citizens.”

Mary was the keynote presenter at Girl Geek Dinner Sydney on June 30, and video of her talk is available on our website. Thanks to GGD Sydney for hosting this event and to Tim Ansell for the video recording.

Upcoming appearances

We are proud to announce that Mary Gardiner will be giving a keynote presentation at PyCon AU in Sydney on August 20–21.

We originally planned to spread the word about the Ada Initiative by speaking at OSCON 2011, but after the success of the Seed 100 campaign we concluded that our time (and your money) was better spent working on our programs during July. OSCON is a wonderful conference and we’re sorry we’re missing it! If you’re attending, don’t forget to wear your Ada Initiative conference badge lanyard.

New sponsors

This month, Google and The Mail Archive join us as our first two Venture Philanthropist sponsors! Google and The Mail Archive join our Angel sponsors Linux Australia, Puppet Labs and Dreamhost as early supporters of the Ada Initiative.